in part due to the shape of the ball Where rotation or spin induces an unexpected bounce direction.
a variety of actions which benefit the team
1 spoiling Preventing an opposition player from taking clean possession of a pass from a team-mate, most usually done by punching the ball away from the contest. 2 smothering A defensive action which involves using the arms or body to get in the way of an opponent's kick as it leaves their boot.
A player who smothers the ball is generally seen diving across in front of the kicking player, hoping to trap the ball as it is kicked. This action sometimes leads to turn-overs, but not always. 3 knock-on Using the hand, either clenched or open, to tap the ball to the advantage of a team-mate, without ever taking possession of the football (except out of the ruck). It has the same advantage as a quick handpass or kick, but is not recognised as a disposal because the player never has possession.
Australian football knock-ons, which help the team, are not to be confused with rugby football knock-ons, which are negative. 4 shepherding The legal act of preventing an opponent from obtaining possession or tackling a team-mate by using his body to push, bump or block an opposing player who does not have possession of the ball and is no further than 5 metres away from the ball at the time. 5 chasing A chase is the act of making a long pursuit behind an opponent who is running with and bouncing the ball, even if he never catches up and tackles his opponent.
A chase puts pressure on the opponent to kick while running quickly and/or while unstable, decreasing the likely accuracy of the kick. Hence, coaches will consider a chase to be a one percenter. 6 hurrying Hurrying (or corralling) an opponent is the act of putting them off balance without laying a tackle, while he is taking his kick or handpass. Like the chase, this increases the likelihood of a turnover, and is often considered to be a one percenter. 7 bumping A bump or hip and shoulder is the act of using the side of the body and running into an opponent with force - under some circumstances. The bump is a type of strong shepherd, but players can also legally bump their opponents out of the way as they run to collected the ball. A bump to an opponent is legal, provided the bump does not ride high and contact an opponent's head. A bump in the back is illegal under the "push in the back". 8 blocking A block or screen is a more subtle way to shepherd in a marking contest, and while it is often technically illegal, it will almost never be penalised. The most common way to block is to run between a leading forward and his pursuing opponent, slowing down the defender so that the forward will take his mark uncontested.
off the ball
a physical confrontation between two or more opposing players away from the main contest
off the side of the boot
a kick that misses the proper top surface of the boot Which is between arch and toe, hit with the sloping angle of the foot resulting in a deflected or winged shot.
a player who follows the ball anywhere on the ground Also known as a follower.