Entities, symbols & characters have four methods of reference:
Named, Decimal, Hexadecimal, and Unicode, but only the Decimal form is reliable across browsers and platforms.
To use decimal notation encoded in UTF-8 insert
<meta charset=“utf-8”> as the first line in the
<head> of your document.
The name is an acronym of Unicode Transformation Format – 8-bit.
Unicode is an abbreviation of Universal Coded Character Set.
It is a Character encoding capable of encoding all characters, 1, 114, 112 in total.
It is the dominant character encoding for the world wide web, used on 88.9% of web pages.