north america

North America is a continent in the Northern and Western Hemispheres. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southeast by the Caribbean Sea, and to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean.

Continental North America covers an area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles), representing approximately 16.5% of the Earth's land area and 4.8% of its total surface area. It is the third-largest continent by size, and the fourth-largest continent by population after Asia, Africa, and Europe.

As of 2021, North America's population was estimated as over 592 million people in 23 independent states, or about 7.5% of the world's population.

In human geography, the terms "North America" and "North American" sometimes refer to just Canada, the United States, and Mexico.